Pull Broaching vs Push Broaching: Unraveling the Key Differences

When it comes to precision machining, the choice between pull broaching and push broaching can significantly impact the efficiency and effectiveness of the process. Understanding the key differences between these two methods is crucial for manufacturers aiming to optimize their production processes. In this article, we delve into the nuanced intricacies of pull broaching and push broaching, offering insights into their distinct advantages and applications.

By unraveling the key differences between pull broaching and push broaching, we aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of each technique’s unique capabilities, enabling readers to make informed decisions about which method best suits their specific production requirements. Whether you are a seasoned machining professional or a newcomer to the field, this exploration of pull broaching versus push broaching will equip you with essential knowledge to enhance your machining capabilities and drive operational excellence.

Key Takeaways
Pull broaching is a process where the broach tool is pulled through the workpiece, while push broaching involves pushing the broach tool through the workpiece. Pull broaching is typically used for longer workpieces and allows for easier setup and alignment, while push broaching is often used for shorter workpieces and offers better control and stability during the broaching process.

Understanding Broaching Process

Broaching is a machining process used to remove material from a workpiece using a special tool called a broach. The broach has a series of cutting teeth that gradually increase in size to achieve the desired shape or size of the machined part. This process is typically used for creating internal keyways, slots, or other complex shapes in a workpiece. Broaching is known for its high precision and efficiency, making it a popular choice in many industries.

During the broaching process, the workpiece is held stationary while the broach is pulled or pushed through the material. Pull broaching involves pulling the broach through the workpiece, while push broaching involves pushing the broach through the workpiece. Understanding the differences between these two methods is crucial for achieving the desired results and optimizing the broaching process. The choice between pull and push broaching depends on the specific requirements of the workpiece and the desired outcome. Each method has its own advantages and limitations, which should be carefully considered when determining the most suitable approach for a particular application.

Mechanics Of Push Broaching

Push broaching is a metalworking process that involves using a specifically designed broach tool to cut or shape the surface of a workpiece. The mechanics of push broaching are based on the principle of pushing the broach tool through the workpiece in a linear motion, which allows for precise and controlled cutting. This method is commonly used for producing keyways, splines, and other complex internal shapes in machined parts.

The push broaching process typically involves securing the workpiece in a fixture and positioning the broach tool within the workpiece. As the broach tool is pushed through the workpiece, it removes material in a continuous cutting action. The cutting teeth of the broach tool progressively increase in size and shape, allowing for the desired profile to be formed within the workpiece. Push broaching requires careful alignment and force application to ensure smooth and accurate cutting, making it essential for operators to have a good understanding of the tool and workpiece interaction.

In summary, push broaching is a machining method that relies on pushing the broach tool through the workpiece to create precise internal shapes. This mechanical process requires accuracy, control, and proper tool alignment to achieve the desired results efficiently.

Mechanics Of Pull Broaching

Pull broaching involves a broaching tool being pulled through the workpiece. The workpiece is held stationary, while the broaching tool is attached to a pull mechanism. As the tool is pulled through the workpiece, it removes material progressively, creating the desired shape or profile.

In pull broaching, the pulling force is applied at the broach end, and the workpiece is held in place using fixtures or clamps. The broaching tool is typically attached to a pull head or a collet, which is then connected to a pull mechanism. As the broach is pulled through the workpiece, the chips are fragmented and carried away from the cutting area, resulting in improved chip evacuation and reduced tool wear.

Overall, the mechanics of pull broaching require a pulling force to be applied to the broach, with the workpiece being held in place. This method allows for precise control and accurate machining of the workpiece, making it suitable for creating intricate shapes and profiles with minimal deformation.

Advantages Of Push Broaching

Push broaching offers several advantages over pull broaching. One of the primary advantages is the ability to handle longer and heavier workpieces, making it suitable for a wide range of applications. With push broaching, the broach tool pushes the workpiece through the cutting teeth, allowing for greater control and stability during the broaching process. This can result in improved surface finish and accuracy, particularly for long and slender parts.

Furthermore, push broaching can be more efficient for certain applications, as it can eliminate the need for additional support or fixturing. This can lead to cost savings and reduced setup time, making push broaching a preferred method for many manufacturing processes. Additionally, push broaching can also reduce the risk of pull-out forces, which can be a concern with pull broaching, especially for delicate or thin-walled parts. Overall, the advantages of push broaching make it a valuable and versatile method for a wide range of broaching applications.

Advantages Of Pull Broaching

Advantages of Pull Broaching:

Pull broaching offers several advantages that make it a preferred choice in many applications. One key advantage is the ability to produce deeper and more accurate keyways and slots compared to push broaching. This method also allows for greater control over the cutting process, resulting in smoother finishes and improved precision. Additionally, pull broaching generates less tool wear and produces lower cutting forces, leading to longer tool life and reduced maintenance costs.

Furthermore, pull broaching is well-suited for use with automated and CNC machines, making it a highly efficient and cost-effective method for high-volume production runs. The pulling action also ensures better chip evacuation, reducing the risk of chip buildup and minimizing the potential for workpiece damage. Overall, the advantages of pull broaching make it a valuable technique for achieving superior dimensional accuracy and surface finish in a variety of manufacturing settings.

Limitations Of Push Broaching

Push broaching, while effective in many applications, does have some limitations that are important to consider. One of the main limitations of push broaching is the need for a stronger and more rigid broach tool due to the direct force applied during the process. This can result in higher tooling costs and may also require additional consideration in terms of machine capabilities and setup.

Another limitation of push broaching is the potential for deflection or distortion of the workpiece, particularly when broaching deep or complex features. This can lead to inconsistencies in the final product and may require additional finishing processes to correct any dimensional inaccuracies. Additionally, push broaching may not be as suitable for high-volume production runs compared to other broaching methods due to the potential for increased tool wear and shorter tool life.

Overall, while push broaching can be a highly effective method for certain applications, it’s important to be aware of its limitations and consider alternative broaching techniques when necessary to achieve the desired results.

Limitations Of Pull Broaching

Pull broaching, despite being a highly efficient and versatile method, has its limitations. One of the primary drawbacks of pull broaching is the need for a longer stroke length compared to push broaching. This longer stroke length can pose challenges when it comes to accommodating the equipment within the manufacturing setup, particularly in cases where space is a constraint. Additionally, the longer stroke length can also lead to increased wear and tear on the broaching tool, impacting its longevity and requiring more frequent maintenance.

Another limitation of pull broaching is the potential for deflection of the broach tool due to the pulling action. This deflection can result in inaccuracies in the machined part and may require additional measures to ensure precision and consistency. Furthermore, the pulling action in pull broaching can exert greater stress on the workpiece, especially when dealing with materials that are more susceptible to deformation. This aspect needs to be carefully considered to avoid any unwanted impact on the final product’s quality and dimensional accuracy. Despite these limitations, pull broaching remains a valuable and widely used method in various manufacturing applications, and with proper considerations and precautions, its drawbacks can be effectively managed.

Selecting The Right Broaching Method

When it comes to selecting the right broaching method for a specific application, several factors need to be considered. First and foremost, it’s essential to understand the nature of the workpiece and the required tolerances. Pull broaching is often preferred for internal keyways, splines, and other internal forms, while push broaching is suitable for surface broaching and blind keyways. The choice between pull and push broaching also depends on the production volume and available resources. Pull broaching can be more suitable for high-volume production due to its faster cycle times and the ability to use multiple tools in a single broach.

Additionally, the material being machined plays a vital role in the selection process. Harder materials may favor push broaching due to the higher forces involved, while softer materials may be more suitable for pull broaching. Another important consideration is the available machinery and tooling. Pull broaching machines are generally more compact and require less setup time, making them suitable for smaller workshops or where space is limited. On the other hand, push broaching machines are often used for larger workpieces and heavy-duty applications. Ultimately, the decision on the right broaching method should be based on a comprehensive assessment of these factors to ensure optimal performance and efficiency.


In the manufacturing industry, the choice between pull broaching and push broaching is a critical decision that can significantly impact the efficiency and quality of production processes. Both methods have their distinct advantages and drawbacks, and understanding these differences is essential in making informed decisions. Pull broaching offers precision and flexibility, making it suitable for applications where tight tolerances and intricate designs are a priority. On the other hand, push broaching provides greater force and stability, thus excelling in high-volume production environments. By delving into the key differences between the two techniques, manufacturers can optimize their broaching operations to meet specific requirements, enhance productivity, and ensure consistent, high-quality output. Ultimately, the understanding of pull broaching vs. push broaching empowers organizations to make strategic choices that align with their unique production needs, driving innovation and competitiveness in the industry.

Leave a Comment